Peru is packed with relics of its former inhabitants, from the oldest civilizations in the Americas to the largest and mightiest empire on the southern continent. You could take a year-long personalized trip to Peru to explore its riveting ancient sites, and you’d probably still have only scratched the surface. It is, most famously, known for being the center of the Inca Empire, whose former capital – Cusco – is now the “archaeological capital of the Americas.” Because of the power and breadth of the Inca Empire, it is their footprint you will see most frequently during your private Peru holiday, yet this brilliant civilization is but one chapter in Peru’s long story. Pre-Columbian cultures, some of whom flourished thousands of years before the Incas, have also left their mark on the land. Learning about these ancient sites is a highlight for all generations.